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Excessive rainfall, typical landform and geology, deforestation and unplanned land use practices combine to create this socio natural hazard. The districts of Badulla, Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura, Kegalle, Kalutara, Kandy, and Matale are most prone to landslides.

The agency mandated to issue warnings in the case of landslides is the National Building Research Organization. For details on landslide situations, please contact –
Director General, National Building Research Organization (Tel.
Head, Landslide Services Division, National Building Research Organization (Tel.

For overall disaster situation, contact –
Emergency Operation Centre, Disaster Management Centre (Tel.

What you should know about Landslides

Before a Landslide (or Debris Flow)
* Do not build near steep slopes, close to mountain edges, or near drainage ways
* Ask for information on landslides in your area, specific information on areas vulnerable to landslides, and perform appropriate hazard assessment of your property, and corrective measures you can take, if necessary.

To minimize home hazards:
* Plant ground cover on slopes and build retaining walls.
* In mudflow areas, build channels or deflection walls to direct the flow around buildings.

Recognize Landslide Warning Signs
* If you are living in a landslide prone area, be alert during heavy rain situations
* Changes occur in your landscape such as patterns of storm-water drainage on slopes (especially the places where runoff water converges) land movement, small slides, flows, or progressively leaning trees.
* Doors or windows stick or jam for the first time.
* New cracks appear in plaster, tile, brick, or foundations.
* Outside walls, walks, or stairs begin pulling away from the building.
* Slowly developing, widening cracks appear on the ground or on paved areas such as streets or driveways.
* Bulging ground appears at the base of a slope.
* Water breaks through the ground surface in new locations.
* Fences, retaining walls, utility poles, or trees tilt or move.
* Collapsed pavement, mud, fallen rocks, and other indications of possible debris flow can be seen when driving (embankments along roadsides are particularly susceptible to landslides).

What you should do if a landslide or debris flow occurs:
* Stay alert and awake and move to a safe area
* If you are near a stream or channel, be alert for any sudden increase or decrease in water flow and for a change from clear to muddy water. Such changes may indicate landslide activity upstream, so be prepared to move quickly. Don't delay! Save yourself, not your belongings.


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